Health literacy and chronic diseases are inextricably linked. In order to make healthy lifestyle choices to prevent chronic disease, such as exercising or limiting alcohol intake, a person must first be aware of the impact these kinds of decisions have on health, wealth, and well-being. This is not unlike the way financial literacy is associated with one’s wealth, leading to decision making that may be suboptimal. Health literacy and financial literacy are further connected because of the effect of health literacy on decisions that involve health, but have financial consequences, such as insurance and health care. This chapter proposes a short, clear, and action-able approach to overcoming health literacy barriers, thereby potentially preventing or curbing chronic disease. References to financial literacy are woven through the chapter based on the belief that a similar approach might be beneficial for improving financial decision making and ultimately outcomes.